Targeted Approaches to Close Gaps

The efficacy of intervening early and aggressively to close learning gaps for children of color and students in poverty is clear. What may not be so clear is how to intervene. What is going to offer the best chance of actually realizing the goal of improved achievement for these marginalized students?  Research that’s been around […]

Involving Marginalized Parents

Parents of marginalized students often feel marginalized themselves by schools and teachers.  Sometimes this marginalization is inadvertent: statistically, the higher the parents’ income, the more likely they are to attend school events and to volunteer. Those who volunteer frequently  have more opportunity, which allows them to build relationships with teachers and administrators,  to get information […]

Trauma, Learning, and the Summer of 2020

I’ve written about trauma and its effects in this space before, but in light of recent events, I think it deserves a deeper look. The simplest definition of trauma is an emotionally painful or distressing event that results in lasting emotional or physical effects.  An example of this is the PTSD suffered by soldiers returning from combat […]

The Power of Potential

“When we treat a person as only as we think they are, we make them worse.  But if we treat a person as if they were already what they could be, we take them as far as they can go.” —   Goethe Possibly my favorite piece of research ever is from 1985.  It’s an oldie, […]

The Instructional Core

The Instructional Core, as defined by Richard Elmore,  is composed of a teacher and student in the presence of content. The relationship between these three elements, and not the the qualities of any one element, determines the nature of instructional practice.  At the heart of this trinity is the Instructional Task:  what students are being asked […]

Standardized Testing: The Beginning of the End?

Something profound happened this spring and if you weren’t an educator, you might have missed it.  In fact, even if you were an educator, the significance of this event might have been lost in the greater upheavals we’ve all been experiencing in the last 6 months. Standardized tests were cancelled. These tests have been a […]

Return to Learn: Covid-19 and Lessons from Katrina

With coronavirus surging in a number of states, most people’s hopes for a normal school year appear to be evaporating fast.  School districts are working hard to put plans for socially distanced classes and distance learning in place to try to keep learning as on-track as possible for the foreseeable future.  Against that backdrop is […]

Coronavirus, Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, and Brain-Compatible Learning

I was listening recently to a medical doctor addressing a question about why, during the Coronavirus pandemic, people were reporting mental fogginess, an inability to concentrate, forgetfulness, and difficulty doing the creative things they had previously enjoyed.  Was that, the question posed, actually a thing? It is, and the doctor used Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs […]

It Might Not Be the Money

Recently, I ran across this headline on the Education Trust/Midwest website: Michigan spent $80 million to improve early reading. Scores went down.  Ouch. The article, which was from 2018, went on to detail the crisis in early reading in Michigan, where scores for proficiency in 3rd grade reading fell from 50% proficient in 2015 to […]

The Trouble With Grit

I’ve written about grit in this space before, and I continue to be intrigued with the way grit — the ability to stick with something even when it’s hard — has lasting effects on the so-called “soft skills” necessary for life after formal education.  But here’s the caveat to the grittiness mindset: some issues surrounding […]